ECOSSISTEMA MANGUEZAL NA CONCEPO DE ALUNOS DO ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL EM UMA ESCOLA PLICA NO MUNICIO DE VIGIA, LITORAL AMAZICO, PARBRASIL

Calebe Maia, Hugo César da Silva Santos, Fabrício Lemos de Siqueira Mendes, Mauro Márcio da Silva Tavares

Resumo


As eas de mangue apresentam importcia significativa, mas v sofrendo grande press antrica ao longo do tempo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar a concepo de alunos do ensino fundamental em uma escola plica no litoral amazico, estado do Par Um questionio contendo 7 perguntas fechadas com caracterticas geral do manguezal, foi aplicado aos alunos. Posteriormente, inseridos em planilhas eletricas e submetidos anise de frequcia relativa. Os dados apontaram que 45,7% dos alunos envolvidos no estudo, informaram que n hdiferen entre as definies de mangue e manguezal. No que se refere importcia ambiental e socioeconica do manguezal, 80% do alunado afirmaram que sim, abriga diversos seres vivos e gera alimento e renda para as populaes ribeirinhas e litoreas. Enquanto 82,9% julgaram que o caranguejo o principal constituinte da fauna de manguezal. Na sequencia, 62,9% dos escolares afirmaram que seus professores n abordam temas relacionados a ecossistema manguezal. Jno que diz respeito ocorrcia de algum tipo de degradao ou poluio das eas de mangue da regi, 60% afirmaram que sim e 91,4% disseram que se preocupavam com quests ambientais. Quanto possibilidade de terem visitado um manguezal, 65,7% assinalaram n o ter visitado. O alunado demonstrou ter um bom entendimento sobre ecossistema manguezal, por houve contradio ou n souberam julgar de maneira correta as definies de mangue e manguezal. Exp-se, assim, a necessidade de intervenes de Educao Ambiental para melhor elucidar aspectos sobre esse importante ecossistema, bem como sensibilizar os alunos, visando preservao das eas de mangue.

Palavras-chave: Manguezal; Concepo; Educao Ambiental; Amazia.

MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM IN THE CONCEPTION OF STUDENTS OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN A PUBLIC SCHOLL IN VIGIA, AMAZONIAN COAST, PAR BRAZIL

ABSTRACT

Mangrove areas present significant importance, but suffering great anthropogenic pressure over time. The aim of this work was to characterize the design of elementary school students in a public school in the Amazonian State of Parcoast. A questionnaire with 7 questions with General features, was applied with the students. Later, entered in spreadsheets and subjected to the analysis of relative frequency. The data indicate that 45.7% of students involved in the study, reporting that "not the difference between the definitions of mangrove and mangrove". As regards the socio-economic and environmental importance of the mangrove forest, 80% of students stated that "Yes, it houses various living things and throws food and income for riverine and coastal populations." While 82.9% they claim that the crab is the major constituent of mangrove fauna. In the sequel, 62.9% of schools claim that their teachers "not" embroider mangrove ecosystem-related topics. Already with regard to the occurrence of any kind of pollution or degradation of mangrove areas in the region, 60% says "Yes". And 91.4% who care about environmental issues. While the possibility of having visited a mangrove ecosystem, 65.7% indicate "no" have visited referred to. The students demonstrated a good understanding of mangrove ecosystem, however, there was no contradiction or judge correctly the settings of mangrove and mangrove forest. Showing the need for environmental education interventions to better elucidate aspects of this important ecosystem, as well as sensitize the students, aiming at the preservation of mangrove areas.

Keywords: Mangrove; conception; environmental education; Amazon.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18817/pef.v23i2.1822